Wisdom teeth are third molars situated at the back of the mouth that don't have enough room to emerge or develop normally. They are the last adult teeth to come out. Most people have four wisdom teeth, two each on the top and bottom jawbone.
Wisdom teeth will begin to emerge between the ages of 17 and 25, and they can erupt at different times for each patient. Sometimes, they can cause overcrowding for patients who have a more petite mouth. If there is not enough space in the mouth for the wisdom teeth to grow normally, they can get impacted in the gums, causing discomfort and pain. Such impacted teeth have to be removed at the earliest with professional help.
What Issues Could Impacted Wisdom Teeth Bring?
Impacted wisdom teeth can cause pain, damage to the neighboring teeth, and other dental issues. They are also prone to develop infections. In some people, impacted wisdom teeth may cause no discomfort or immediate problems. But they may be at an increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Dentists also recommend the removal of impacted wisdom teeth so that they wouldn't cause problems in the future.
What Are the Benefits of Removing Wisdom Teeth?
There are many benefits to early extraction of wisdom teeth, such as:
- The overcrowding of the teeth in the mouth can be prevented.
- The spread of infection to the surrounding teeth is minimized.
- The development of cysts and tumors can be prevented.
- The possibility of developing gum disease, inflammation, receding gum tissues can be prevented.
- The deterioration of the jawbone and tooth loss is kept in check.
- It's easier to maintain oral hygiene.
What Is the Process for Wisdom Teeth Removal?
Wisdom teeth extraction is relatively simple, and it usually takes about 45 minutes to complete. Local anesthesia is used to keep the patient calm and comfortable. The surgery involves cutting into the gum tissue to remove the wisdom teeth. If needed, the tooth is broken into smaller pieces and extracted one piece at a time. Stitches that will dissolve in a few days are done to close the opening. The area operated on is then packed with gauze pads to help stop the bleeding.
After the surgery, patients may experience some pain or sensitivity around the area, but this will disappear after a few days. The dentist will give post-surgery instructions and how to care for your mouth at home after the procedure. Painkillers and antibiotics may be prescribed for faster healing.
Call us at Shepherd Dental or schedule an online appointment to know more about wisdom teeth extractions.